Just a short tip on how to potentially solve this.

Take a close look at the given example number of 30.

All its divisors form a pair: 1 and 30, 2 and 15, 5 and 6, 3 and 10.

If the sum of each individual pair is prime, you found a prime generating integer:

1 + 30 = 31

2 + 15 = 17

5 + 6 = 11

3 + 10 = 13

All prime.

Which is exactly what the problem description states by giving you the formula *d + n/d*.